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Online Gambling Resources
Written by Patrick Marino, Canisius College

Allen, K., & Brown, P. (2005). Delivering student services online via your online course tool. Paper presented at the 21st Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. Abstract retrieved October 3, 2006 from

Appelbaum, B.  “It’s easy; it’s quick; it’s online.”  Knight Ridder Tribune Business, May 2005, p. 1.


This 2005 article provides a standard overview of the online gambling problem in America. Specifically it sites that within the year prior to it’s publishing 20 million Americans logged-in to online gambling sites and lost a total of 4.1 Billion Dollars. A figure that quickly raises the concerns about what college students are doing on these sites.


Federal Trade Commission.  FTC Warns Consumers about Online Gambling and Children, 2002.  Retrieved June 30, 2005, from


This article from the FTC reports on an informal survey, which assessed ease of access to online gambling sites for minors. The results showed that underage individuals could easily access these services and participate in gambling activity. It also showed that warnings about legal restrictions were often subtle or obscured. Ultimately the report warns parents and guardians to protect children from these sites.



“Financial aspects of internet gaming:  Good gamble or bad bet?” U.S. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Financial Services, July 12, 2001.  Retrieved July 24, 2005 from


This report comes from the US House of Representatives Committee on Financial Services. It provides an overview of the financial benefits for online offshore gambling companies, as well as a discussion of the legal issues that surround these sites. Also discussed are the potential problems that arise from easy access to unregulated gambling sites. The goal of the report is to determine how the US Government should address these issues.


Finley, R. (2006). Fold that hand. Business Today. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from:


            This article from October of 2006 reports on the arrest of an executive of a British on-line gambling firm in New York. Within the same week a bill was passed by Congress which, if approved by President Bush, would make the use of United States bank accounts and credit cards for online gambling illegal. The legislation was met by opposition, including statements from the National Council on Problem Gambling, which accused the act of not doing enough to correct problem behaviors. Additionally, the article mentions speculations that the bill may violate WTO guidelines affecting international business.






Groover, J.  “States bet on online gambling revenues.”  The American City & County Pittsfield, May 2005, pp. 16-18.


This news report explains an attempt by North Dakota legislatures to allow currently offshore online gambling companies to operate within the state. The goal of the maneuver was to benefit from tax revenue collected from the gambling companies. As the article explains the plan failed when the federal government intervened stating that the law passed by the state to allow online gambling sites to operate within the state was illegal.


Habib, D.  “Online and Obsessed.”  Sports Illustrated, May 30, 2005, 68-77.


An excellent article is provided here in Sports Illustrated. The author interviews a college student who is actively engaged in online gambling activities, and uses the interview as a springboard to discuss the rapidly growing trend. Stories of success it warns, often entice amateur players to get involved, usually resulting in disaster.


H.R. 4419. To prevent the use of certain bank instruments for Internet gambling, and for other purposes. Retrieved November 13, 2006 from:


A summary of a bill proposed by the House of Representatives that seeks to reduce online gambling behavior in the United States by making the use of US Bank accounts and credit cards for online gambling illegal. The act was passed by the House, but still awaits final approval from the White House. Currently, online gamblers are fighting the bill, as well as politicians who feel that it does not do enough to correct the behaviors of online gamblers.


Interstate Wire Act of 1961 sec. 2, 18 USC sec.1084 (2000)


This act passed in 1961 prohibits the use of wire communication for gambling. Argument has arisen about whether or not this pertains to online gambling. The 5th circuit court reached the decision that the act applies only to sports gambling. The supreme court has not yet ruled on the scope of this act.


Kanne, J., Dunch, D., Tone, J., Schellinger, E., Bechen, E., Allrich, H., Moon, J., McCarthy, S., Vidunas, L., Calderon, N., and Tieu, A.  Metro,  February 7-13, 2002.  Retrieved July 24, 2005, from


This article summarizes a study of the direct impact of online gambling habits on students at Santa Clara University. It also discusses statistics related to the overall impact that online gambling sites have on 18-25 year olds, stating that on average these individuals are over $20,000 in credit card debt as a result of online gambling.



Kids can log-on and lose thousands with no safeguards or protections.” Press Release, Senator Charles E. Schumer, New York, March 20, 2005.  Retrieved July 24, 2005 from


This report from NY Senator Schumer discusses how online gambling sites are targeting vulnerable adolescents. Schumer discusses how online gambling becomes addictive and ultimately puts our youth into debt. He discusses the prevalence of online advertising for gambling sites and lists his plan to address the growing problem.


Krieger, L.  2005 College Poker Championship, 2005.  Retrieved June 28, 2005, from


This article promotes the online poker tournament for college students. The winner of this event earned a $40,000+ scholarship. The issue at hand is tournaments such as this encourage students to spend their year practicing their poker game by playing online and against other students. Ultimately it encourages a potentially addictive behavior among students.


LaBrie, R.A., Shaffer, H.J., LaPLante, D.A., & Wechsler, H. (2003) Correlates of college student gambling in the United States. Journal of American College Health, 52(2), 53-62.


            This key report provides the results of the first national study of college student gambling. The data covers over 10,000 students at 119 institutions. Results indicate that males under the age of 21 were most likely to gamble and that students who had a history of binge drinking also had a hirer prevalence of gambling, suggesting that students who participate in high risk behavior do so because of the risk, not because of the behavior.


Lenhart, A., Madden, M., and Hitlin, P.  “Teens and technology:  Youth are leading the transition to a fully wired and mobile nation.”  Pew Internet and American Life Project, July 27, 2005.  pp. 1-56.


This is a report that covers use of Internet technologies by adolescents. The statistics provide information about increased use of communication technologies and online shopping. The report provides clues to the increased use of online gambling sites by teens.



Neighbors, C., Lostutter, J., Cronce, M., and Larimer, M.  “Exploring College Student Gambling Motivation.”  Journal of Gambling Studies, 2002, 18(4), 361-370.


The authors provide the results of a research study that used an open ended set of questions to determine motives for student participation in gambling activities. The analysis provided a final set of 16 factors that led students to take part in gambling events, which ranged from social reasons, to winning money, to simply passing time.


Nguyen, M.  “Hold ‘Em at the click of a mouse.”  The Daily Aztec at San Diego State University, April 21, 2005.  Retrieved July 24, 2005 from


This news article from the San Diego State University daily newspaper discussed the temptations, and ultimately the risks associated with online gambling from a student’s perspective. Quotes from students about their experiences offer some additional insights.


“Online Gambling Growing Rapidly.”  Gambling Magazine, 1999.  Retrieved July 20, 2005, from


An overview of the current estimated status of the online gambling industry starts off this report. Unique to this report is an interview with the vice-president of an

off-shore sports gambling site. Similar to other reports the legal ramifications are also covered.


Patrizi, L.  The New Drug on College Campuses, 2005.  Retrieved July 20, 2005, from


            Provided in this article is the viewpoint of a student author who fell victim to the temptations of online gambling. She discusses in detail how she was first tempted to play online and how the temptation grew to an obsession, ultimately referring to online gambling as a drug to which she became addicted.  2005.  Retrieved July 24, 2005, from provides Internet gamblers with up to date information on tournaments and gambling sites. Additionally it provides statistics related to winnings and usage of various sites. It also links to important news articles on the subject for anyone conducting research.


Potomac State College, West Virginia University.  Self-Help:  Gambling, 2002.  Retrieved July 24, 2005, from


This portion of the UWV website provides an example of an initiative taken at one college to help curb the growing problem of internet gambling. The site defines gambling and discusses the risks associated with it. It also provides students with a self-assessment to help them determine whether or not they, or someone they know, may have a gambling problem. Links and resources for help with gambling addictions are provided.


Rivera, R.   Room, Board & Bookies:  The Perils of Student Gambling, 2000.  Retrieved November 13, 2006, from


This article is a guide for parents to understanding the perils of online gambling that are tempting their college student children. It provides an overview of how online gambling sites have provided access to betting that once required a trip to Las Vegas. It warns of the high levels of debt that often result from online gambling and the change in attitudes that makes the behavior more acceptable among today’s students.


Shaffer, H., Hall, M., and Bilt, J.  Estimating the prevalence of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada: a research synthesis.”  American Journal of Public Health, 1999, 89(9), 1369-1376.


This study seeks to accurately estimate the prevalence of problem gambling behaviors in North America. The study identifies recent changes, overall an increase in problem behaviors, and discusses the higher increases among adolescents.


Shaffer, H., Forman, D., Scanlan, K. and Smith, F.  “Awareness of gambling-related problems, policies and educational programs among high school and college administrators.”  Journal of Gambling Studies, 2000, 16(1), 93-101.


Shaffer takes a different approach in this study of gambling problems and policies. Rather than specifically addressing gambling behavior Shaffer analysis awareness among high school and college students of the risks associated with gambling as well as their knowledge of policies and educational programs related to gambling.



Shaffer, H., Donato, A., LaBrie, R., Kidman, R., and LaPlante, D.  “The epidemiology of college alcohol and gambling policies.”  Harm Reduction Journal, 2005, 2(1), 1-20.


This report provides a ‘best-practices’ guide to generating alcohol and gambling policies. In order to achieve this goal the studies looks at the prevalence of these activities on various campuses, their relation to one another, and related policies on those campuses. The article points out that in spite of the high level of online gambling among students very view of the institutions studied had related policies and resources.



Timmons, H. and Pfanner, E.  “Online Gambling Shares Climb 11% in Debut Day.”   The New York Times, June 28, 2005, p. C6.


The New York Times reports on’s recent move to the public sector, selling shares which were highly sought after, and potentially purchased by US account managers, despite the Justice Department’s declaration that business of this variety are illegal. The online gambling site is currently valued at 9 billion dollars according to the article, making it more valuable than most casino ventures.



Walters, J.  “Computer friendly:  Gambling has found a growing fan base online.”, May 24, 2005.  Retrieved July 10, 2005, from .


Another overview article that discusses the general problems associated with online gambling, and its increasing popularity among college students, especially among males. This article suggests that the top five contributing factors to the popularity of gambling online are: privacy, accessibility, education (training to play), anonymity, and ambition.



World Trade Organization. (7 April 2005). United States: Measures affecting the cross border supply of gambling and betting services. Retrieved November 11, 2006 from


This official report from the WTO outlines the full legal battle that has existed between the United States and Antigua as a result of the use of Antiguan gambling sites on the Internet by Americans. These services are not regulated by the US Government, which causes concern regarding the fairness and also the use of such sites by minors, whom are restricted from such activities in the US. While no clear-cut decision regarding the next step in this legal battle is provided, insight into the future of these sites can be found in the discussion provided here.


“Youth Betting on Cards Rising, National Anneberg Risk Survey Shows.”  The Annenberg Public Policy Center of The University of Pennsylvania, March 14, 2005.


This is a report detailing a 2003-2004 study of card playing and gambling behavior among adolescents. The study reveals that these behaviors increased by a rate of 84% over the course of 1-year, suggesting that risky gambling behaviors were on the rise, thus becoming a more pressing issue among students.